Well-qualified in their knowledge of atmospheric phenomena, meteorologists study and analyse the causes and effects of climate change. They make forecasts and anticipate the risks of natural disasters (avalanches, earthquakes, floods, etc.).
A meteorologist examines the characteristics of the atmosphere, collects data, and works on weather forecasts. The information he or she uses comes from satellites, weather stations, and mainframe computers, among other sources. Many people depend on these forecasts, as do companies involved in the transportation and tourism industries, the military, farmers, etc.
The information he or she uses comes from satellites, weather stations, and mainframe computers, among other sources.
Meteorologists – who are considered civil servants in Luxembourg – engage in a variety of tasks, depending on their level of education. A distinction must be made between meteorological technicians, forecast experts, weather observers, and data experts who interpret data and those responsible for installing and maintaining the equipment. The meteorology field also includes engineers responsible for verifying and monitoring forecasts, planning experts, data centre analysts, and the people responsible for staffing and research. The people seen presenting weather information on TV and radio broadcasts tend to be journalists.
Those interested in becoming a professional meteorologist in Luxembourg need to have completed a baccalaureate and may enter into the meteorological service after completing a state exam. Similar to the regulations in France and Germany, they must complete a three-year training programme. Meteorologists work in shifts, as the weather needs to be observed round the clock, seven days a week.